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墨西哥还以颜色制裁美国进口产品报复特朗普 
送交者: 公孙明11 2018年06月07日00:51:14 于 [史地人物] 发送悄悄话

墨西哥还以颜色制裁美国进口产品报复特朗普


作者: 阿Q别传        06/07/2018:


墨西哥还以颜色制裁美国进口产品报复特朗普

特朗普宣告对墨西哥钢铁和铝进口加税之后,墨西哥不像中国软弱,六月五日立马宣告对美国三十亿的钢铁猪肉和其他农业产品进口加税,还以颜色。

打蛇打在七寸上,以上美国产品都属来自美国共和党高官之选民所属州,如副总统彭斯(Mike Pence)印第安纳州的钢铁制品,参议院卢比奥(Marco Rubio)弗罗里达州之气艇,众议员麦卡塞(Kevin McCarthy)加州之农产等等。。。。 ...华岳论坛 - "http://washeng.net"

相较之下,号称世界经济第二大国,军事第三大国的中国不但不战而降,让特朗普得其所哉予取予携之外,还奴颜卑膝双手奉送天价的变相保护费用,令人齿冷。

(特朗普推特名言(2018年4月8日):

“无论我们在贸易商有何分歧,我和习近平总统将一直是好友。中国将会减少贸易壁垒,因为这是正确的。。。。。”)

纽约时报全文如下:

Mexico, Hitting Back, Imposes Tariffs on $3 Billion Worth of U.S. Goods
A steel production site in Ontario. The Trump administration hit Canada and Mexico with steel and aluminum tariffs, straining relations.CreditJustin Tang/The Canadian Press, via Associated Press

By Ana Swanson and Jim Tankersley

• June 5, 2018

WASHINGTON — Mexico hit back at the United States on Tuesday, imposing tariffs on around $3 billion worth of American pork, steel, cheese and other goods in response to the Trump administration’s steel and aluminum levies, further straining relations between the two countries as they struggle to rewrite the North American Free Trade Agreement. ...华岳论坛 - "http://hua-yue.net"

The tariffs, which were announced last week, came into effect as the Trump administration threw yet another complication into the fractious Nafta talks. Officials are now saying they want to splinter discussions with Canada and Mexico and work on separate agreements rather than continue three-country discussions to rewrite the 1994 trade deal. ...华岳论坛 - "http://washeng.net"

Larry Kudlow, President Trump’s chief economic adviser, said on Tuesday that Mr. Trump’s “preference now, and he asked me to convey this, is to actually negotiate with Mexico and Canada separately.” ...华岳论坛 - "http://hua-yue.net"

Mr. Kudlow, speaking on “Fox and Friends,” said pursuing separate deals might allow an agreement to be reached “more rapidly,” adding: “I think that’s the key point. You know, Nafta has kind of dragged on.” ...华岳论坛 - "http://washeng.net"

The Trump administration hit Mexico and Canada with 25 percent steel tariffs and 10 percent aluminum tariffs on June 1 as part of a campaign to pressure the countries to agree to America’s demands on a revised Nafta. The United States also imposed metals tariffs on the European Union, Japan and other countries as part of an effort to stop the flow of imported metals, which the administration has said threatens national security by degrading the American industrial base. ...华岳论坛 - "http://hua-yue.net"
The trade approach has only inflamed allies, including Canada and Mexico, which have threatened to strike back with their own targeted tariffs aimed at Republican states and areas that supported Mr. Trump.

Mexico’s list was designed to hit at parts of the United States represented by high-profile Republicans, Mexican officials have said, including steel from Vice President Mike Pence’s home state of Indiana, motorboats from Senator Marco Rubio’s Florida, and agricultural products from the California district of Representative Kevin McCarthy, the House majority leader. ...华岳论坛 - "http://washeng.net"

Farmers, who are among those most vulnerable to the Mexican tariffs, said the tariffs would devastate American agriculture.

“These tariffs will exact immediate and painful consequences on many American farmers,” Angela Hofmann, deputy director of Farmers for Free Trade, said in a statement. “Hog, apple, potato and dairy farmers are among those suddenly facing a 10 or 20 percent tax hike on the exports they depend of for their livelihoods. Farmers need certainty and open markets to make ends meet. Right now they are getting chaos and protectionism.” ...华岳论坛 - "http://hua-yue.net"

It is unclear which country will blink first, leaving the future of the trade deal, and the millions of jobs across the continent that are linked to it, so uncertain that many companies are withholding investments they might make to take advantage of the pact. ...华岳论坛 - "http://washeng.net"

Mr. Kudlow insisted that the president was not planning to withdraw from Nafta — which he has frequently threatened to do. However, splitting the current trilateral deal into two separate bilateral agreements would likely require nullifying the 25-year-old agreement. ...华岳论坛 - "http://hua-yue.net"

On Friday, Mr. Trump said he would be interested in pursuing separate deals. “These are two very different countries,” he said.

“I like free trade, but I want fair trade,” Mr. Trump said, adding, “They cannot believe they’ve gotten away with this for so many decades.”

People familiar with the deliberations say the idea of separate talks is aimed at pressuring Canada, which American negotiators see as obstructionist and an impediment to the progress of the Nafta negotiations. The preference for bilateral negotiations has also emerged as one of the sole areas of agreement among Mr. Trump’s warring trade advisers, who agree on little else but the ability to extract bigger concessions through one-on-one talks. Bilateral deals are also a longtime focus of the president. ...华岳论坛 - "http://washeng.net"

American officials say that splitting the negotiations could help the United States take advantage of what could be a short and crucial window to negotiate with the current government of Mexico, which could be ousted in national elections in July, and replaced by a government that is less inclined to cut a deal with the Trump administration. ...华岳论坛 - "http://hua-yue.net"

However, both Mexico and Canada insist that the idea is a non-starter.
Mexican negotiators say they would not be willing to consider splitting the negotiations, a move they view as potentially damaging to North American supply chains and an unnecessary complication of a pact that many businesses rely on, according to people familiar with their thinking.

They add that they do not view Canada as their biggest problem in the talks. The three countries have remained at an impasse over significant provisions, including manufacturing rules for autos and an American proposal for a five-year sunset clause that would cause the deal to automatically expire unless the countries voted to renew it. ...华岳论坛 - "http://washeng.net"

The clock has essentially run out for the administration to secure a Nafta deal this year. The Trump administration had been trying to conclude Nafta talks by the end of May in order to submit the deal for a vote in the current Republican-controlled Congress. ...华岳论坛 - "http://hua-yue.net"

Given the statutory deadlines the administration must meet to get a trade deal approved, it now appears likely that any vote would drag into next year, after midterm elections that could shift the political makeup of Congress. ...华岳论坛 - "http://washeng.net"
Mr. Trump’s strategy in the negotiations with Canada and Mexico has drawn criticism from the business community as well as Democrats and Republicans.
A spokeswoman for Representative Kevin Brady of Texas, the chairman of the Ways and Means Committee, said Tuesday that Mr. Brady opposed splitting the negotiations in two.

“A Nafta without both Canada and Mexico included is no longer a North American Free Trade Agreement,” the spokeswoman, Julia Slingsby, said. “Chairman Brady believes one free trade agreement with Canada and Mexico is best for America. It provides the most certainty for American companies and is the best way we can sell ‘Made in America’ products.” ...华岳论坛 - "http://hua-yue.net"

And a survey of chief executive officers released Tuesday morning by Business Roundtable showed that while executives have a positive view of the economy, they see the administration’s trade policy and the prospect of retaliation from other countries as an escalating risk to their businesses. ...华岳论坛 - "http://washeng.net"

Joshua Bolten, the president of Business Roundtable, said that uncertainties about trade policy were “a growing weight on economic progress — especially amid escalating trade tensions. America’s current and future economic vitality depends on productive talks with China and a successful modernization of Nafta.” ...华岳论坛 - "http://hua-yue.net"
Privately, some congressional Republicans expressed an openness to the administration negotiating some trade issues bilaterally with Mexico and with China. But they expressed little support for scrapping Nafta entirely and replacing it with separate deals.

“Now is the time to stay the course and work with our trading partners to find a path forward on an updated Nafta that will meet the high-standards of bipartisan TPA and gain the support of Congress,” Senator Orrin G. Hatch of Utah, the chairman of the Finance Committee, said on Twitter. ...华岳论坛 - "http://washeng.net"




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