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The Book of Bart (2)
送交者: 新歌 2018月07月30日15:10:18 于 [彩虹之约] 发送悄悄话
回  答: ZT华盛顿邮报:The Book of Bart(1) 新歌 于 2018-07-30 15:08:52

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The Book of Bart


Studying various historical translations of the Bible led to the ultimate crisis of faith for writer Bart Ehrman, formerly a born-again Christian.
Studying various historical translations of the Bible led to the
ultimate crisis of faith for writer Bart Ehrman, formerly a born-again
Christian.(By Win Mcnamee -- Getty Images)

"Even if I don't have a high-definition photograph of the empty tomb to
prove Christ's resurrection, there's the reaction to something after
Christ died that is very hard to explain away," Bock says. "There was no
resurrection tradition in Jewish theology. Where did it come from? How
did these illiterate, impoverished fishermen create such a powerful
religion?

"I can appreciate people feel differently. But sometimes I wonder if we are not all guilty of asking the Bible to do too much."

Void in His Heart

On a recent afternoon, Ehrman, 50, pulls off his fedora at the front of
an auditorium. Some 350 students are filing in for Religion 22, one of
the most popular classes on campus.

His text for today is the Gospel of John.

Thought to be the last written of the four Gospels that form the
narrative of Christ's life, death and resurrection, it forms a
cornerstone of the Christian faith. The problem is that it is distinctly
different from the other three Gospels.

Ehrman looks the professorial part -- a not-too-tall man with a receding
hairline, dressed in casual slacks and sport coat over a sweater. His
shoes are scuffed. He is energetic and possessed of a gregarious
personality that endears him to the student body. (He holds informal
office hours on Wednesday nights in a local bar/restaurant.)

But as he paces back and forth across the stage, Ehrman ruthlessly
pounces on the anomalies -- in this Gospel, Jesus isn't born in
Bethlehem, he doesn't tell any parables, he never casts out a demon,
there's no last supper. "None of that is found in John!" The crucifixion
stories are different -- in Mark, Jesus is terrified on the cross; in
John, he's perfectly composed. Key dates are different. The resurrection
stories are different. Ehrman reels them off, rapid-fire, shell bursts
against the bulwark of tradition.

"In Matthew, Mark and Luke, you find no trace of Jesus being divine," he
says, his voice urgent. "In John, you do." He points out that in the
other three books, it takes the disciples nearly half of Christ's
ministry to learn who he is. John says no, no, everyone knew it from the
beginning. "You shouldn't think something just because you believe it.
You need reasons. That applies to religion. That applies to politics . .
. just because your parents believe something isn't good enough."

The class files out a few minutes later.

"Most of the students have never heard anything like this in their
lives," says Ben White, a graduate student. "For a lot of them, it's
very threatening."

Ehrman doesn't mind this. He's often on CNN, the Discovery Channel, National Geographic, a scholar amused by "taking something really complicated and getting a sound bite out of it."

"Misquoting Jesus" is just that to some extent, a book of pop history
about biblical misconceptions. The first of his 19 books to be a
bestseller, it reads like one of his lectures -- an exploration into how
the 27 books of the New Testament came to be cobbled together, a
history rich with ecclesiastical politics, incompetent scribes and the
difficulties of rendering oral traditions into a written text.


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