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万维读者网 > 彩虹之约 > 跟帖 感谢万维网友为5.12四川地震受难同胞奉献的爱  
嚎哥,到这里来喷吧,这篇转贴的文章代表我的观点,与作者有
送交者: 从上而生 2019月02月09日11:52:11 于 [彩虹之约] 发送悄悄话
回  答: 转贴:三位一体各个位格在救赎工作中的次序 从上而生 于 2019-02-09 11:33:42

异议之处在我这篇文章里面:http://bbs.creaders.net/rainbow/bbsviewer.php?trd_id=1374374


2, Man’s Faith Is a Result from the Work of Father’s Regeneration

        This is actually the theme of the Gospel of John, for it is addressed from the prologue, “But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of …… but of God” (1:12-13). The use of the concept of new birth strongly emphasizes the need for a divine initiative for man’s faith on Jesus. Now we can see John’s statement (1:12-13) is on Jesus’s lips (6:29), which is to say that man’s faith on Jesus is a result from the regeneration of God.

        The implied subject of the clause in v. 29 “whom he has sent” by the 3rd singular ἀπέστειλεν indicates that “the work of God” refers to “the work of the Father”. In the light of 8:39-41, the question in 6:28, in the presence of the same idiomatic expression, that “What shall we do (ποιοῦμεν), that we might work the works of God (ἐργαζώμεθα τὰ ἔργα τοῦ θεοῦ)?” should be best taken as a question about birthright and lineage: what shall we do, in order that (ἵνα) we might become the children of God? Jesus’s words in v. 29 is to answer the question of birthright and lineage: This (in order to have you born in God’s family) is (of course) the work of the Father, in order that (ἵνα) you believed into the One whom he sent. John’s point in 1:12-13 is succinctly expressed by Jesus in 6:29. Therefore, Jesus words in v.29 were meant to teach that the Father grants regeneration unto faith and regeneration precedes faith, which is also consistent to his own teaching in John 3:3,5.

Grindheim observes that the work of God in verse 29 specifically refers to the work that the Father does to draw people to Christ (6:44), and that drawing work is the Father’s sovereign grace (v.65).[17] At this point, it is not hard to see that verse 29, 44 and 65 are three parallel verses:

        Verse 29: Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent.”

        Verse 44: “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day.”

        Verse 65: And he said, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by the Father.”

        I consider John 6:44 as a single verse which covers all five points of Calvinism, in the acrostic TULIP. The narrative reveals the total depravity of the people, which is evident on their inabilities to receive the gift that is given to them. Jesus teaches his audience that they need Father’s sovereign and unconditional choice of sinners to have them born again by Father’s drawing first, in order that they can come to him. Unless the Father "draws" him, a sinner will not believe Jesus. This regenerating work of the Father is done by Father’s drawing definitively to elect.  Then Christ would have them persevered to the last day.  

        BDAG implies the key verb “draw” (ἑλκύσῃ) meaning that the object being moved is incapable of propelling itself or in the case of persons is unwilling to do so voluntarily.[18]Joel Beeke uses this verb to describe God’s irresistible grace in calling sinner as forceful and compelling force.[19] For “there is not one example in the New Testament of the use of this verb where the resistance is successful”, as Morris says.[20]

         When Paul says, “he (Father) has delivered (ἐῤῥύσατο) us from the domain of darkness and transferred us to the kingdom of his beloved Son” (Col. 1:13), he echoes the teaching of Jesus in 6:44 and 3:3, 5, where Jesus says, “unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God....he cannot enter the kingdom of God.” Total deprived man lacks all ability to save himself, even to believe in the gospel freely offered to him. He needs Father’s sovereign and invincible grace to drag him out from the domain of darkness in order to enter and see the kingdom of God. Jesus’s use of the singular (ἔργον) in v.29 indicates the work of God is a monergistic grace from the Father (v.65). God's gracious choosing makes man willing to receive salvation in Christ.



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