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白宫拟以一级谋杀起诉中共阻止装备出口
送交者: Pascal 2020年04月06日13:35:40 于 [五 味 斋] 发送悄悄话

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Leading US manufacturers of medical safety gear told the White House that China prohibited them from exporting their products from the country as the coronavirus pandemic mounted — even as Beijing was trying to “corner the world market” in personal protective equipment, The Post has learned.

Now, the Trump administration is weighing legal action against China over its alleged actions, a lawyer for President Trump said Sunday.

“In criminal law, compare this to the levels that we have for murder,” said Jenna Ellis, a senior legal adviser to Trump’s re-election campaign.

“People are dying. When you have intentional, cold-blooded, premeditated action like you have with China, this would be considered first-degree murder.”

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川普总统连任竞选团队的资深法律顾问詹娜・埃利斯(Jenna Ellis)

周日(4月5日)告诉《纽约邮报》,中共此举相当于是刑法上的“谋

杀”,川普政府正在研究针对中共的行为,诉诸法律行动的可行性。

“人们濒临死亡边缘了,像中国(中共)那样的故意、冷血的预谋行

动,会被视为一级谋杀。”她说。

埃利斯说,川普政府正在考虑的控告中共的选项,包括向欧洲人权法

院提出诉讼或运用联合国的机制。

中共禁止出口同时抢购全球PPE

白宫一名高级官员告诉《纽约邮报》(New York Post),美商3M公司

及霍尼韦尔(Honeywell)公司的高管告诉川普政府,北京政府在今年

1月份禁止他们将在中国工厂生产的N95口罩、鞋套、手套和其它PPE等

医疗用品的出口。

该高级官员说,北京以批发价向这两家公司购入这些PPE商品,不准

他们将这些商品出售给其他任何人。

“中国虽然是全球最大的PPE生产国”,这位白宫高级官员说,“但是

根据中国(中共)海关部门的数据,其在限制出口的同时,大量抢购

全球市场的手套、护目镜和口罩等PPE。”

中共海关发布的数据显示,其在1月24日至2月29日进口了24.6亿批

“流行病预防和控制材料”。这些装备价值近12亿美元,其中包括自

欧盟、澳大利亚、巴西和柬埔寨进口的逾20亿个口罩和4亿套防护用品,

包括从医用护目镜到针对生物危害的防护服。

霍尼韦尔公司在回应《纽约邮报》时表示,今年第一季度的大部分时

间,中国经历这场疫情危机的最严重冲击,因此该公司在中国工厂生

产的所有口罩“都用于当地消费”。

3M公司未回应《纽约邮报》的置评请求,但其在上周发表的一份声明

中指出,该公司“获得了中共的批准”,将在中国制造的1,000万个

N95口罩送到美国。

中共驻美大使馆未回应置评请求。

Ellis said the options under consideration include filing a complaint with the European Court of Human Rights or working “through the United Nations.”

Executives from 3M and Honeywell told US officials that the Chinese government in January began blocking exports of N95 respirators, booties, gloves and other supplies produced by their factories in China, according to a senior White House official.

China paid the manufacturers their standard wholesale rates, but prohibited the vital items from being sold to anyone else, the official said.

Around the same time that China cracked down on PPE exports, official data posted online shows that it imported 2.46 billion pieces of “epidemic prevention and control materials” between Jan. 24 and Feb. 29, the White House official said.

The gear, valued at nearly $1.2 billion, included more than 2 billion masks and more than 25 million “protective clothing” items that came from countries in the European Union, as well as Australia, Brazil and Cambodia, the official said.

“Data from China’s own customs agency points to an attempt to corner the world market in PPE like gloves, goggles, and masks through massive increased purchases — even as China, the world’s largest PPE manufacturer, was restricting exports,” the official said.

Last week, Trump invoked the Defense Production Act to order St. Paul, Minnesota-based 3M to prioritize production of N95 respirators for the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Michael Wessell, a founding member of the federal US-China Economic and Security Review Commission, confirmed the situation and said the Chinese maneuvering had left American hospitals “starved of PPE to fight this crisis.”

“We understand that China has engaged in policies to try and not only develop its own capabilities, but to do so at expense of producers around the world,” said Wessell, formerly a top staffer to ex-US Rep. Dick Gephardt (D-Missouri).

“At a time when demand was rising to deal with the crisis, China was marshaling all of the products for its own use.”

Wessell said that “some of China’s actions are probably illegal, but to bring cases when you’re in the middle of the crisis does little good for the patients who are in the hospital on ventilators — and might not have been there had they had access to PPE.”

Wessell also said that while China had recently begun easing exports of PPE, “they’re using it for soft power, essentially saying it’s a humanitarian gesture to try to curry goodwill with American people when some of the problems we’re facing are the direct result of Chinese policies.”

Christian Whiton, a former senior diplomacy and trade adviser to the George W. Bush and Trump administrations, described Chinese control of PPE as “political warfare.”

“It looks like a coordinated effort between the Chinese government and industry where they used to be nothing but exporters of this stuff but now they turned around and they’re importing it while banning all exports,” said Whiton, now a senior fellow for strategy and trade at the Center for National Interest.

“What is most interesting to me, when we get through this crisis I think there’s rage, not just concern, but rage in Congress about China and from the American people that China is culpable one way or the other,” he added.

Honeywell said in a statement: “For the majority of the first quarter, China was experiencing the most acute effects of the COVID-19 crisis, so all of the masks from the facility in question were utilized for local consumption. Production at the facility in question remained under Honeywell management’s control throughout the coronavirus outbreak.”

3M did not respond to requests for comment Sunday, but in a statement issued last week, noted that it had just “secured approval from China to export to the U.S. 10 million N95 respirators manufactured by 3M in China.”

Steven Bannon, a former White House chief strategist under Trump and the host of the podcast “War Room: Pandemic,” said the behavior of the Chinese government was equivalent to a “biological Chernobyl.”

“The same people that understood this virus had human-to-human transmission and was going to be a pandemic were at the same time vacuuming up every piece of PPE from the US, Brazil and Europe,” said Bannon, who formerly lived in Shanghai when he ran on an online gaming company.

“They’re at war with the West. This story shows the world what Chinese citizens are dealing with,” he said.

The Chinese Embassy in Washington, DC, didn’t respond to a request for comment.

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