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美国上层的定义
送交者: suibian2009 2015年04月03日06:52:11 于 [茗香茶语] 发送悄悄话

简单说,就是有钱。靠投资赚钱,拥有企业的那些资本家。

American upper class

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The American upper class is the wealthiest layer of society in the United States and is often referred to as the rich.[1] People of this class commonly have immense influence in the nation's political and economic institutions as well as public opinion. The American upper class is composed of members born into this class, called members of Old money; as well as those who have acquired their wealth and influence within their own generation, called the Nouveau riche.[2][3][4][5]

Many politicians, heirs to fortunes, top business executives, CEOs, successful venture capitalists, those born into high society, and some celebrities may be considered members of this class. Some prominent and high-rung professionals may also be included if they attain great influence and wealth. The main distinguishing feature of this class, which is estimated to constitute roughly 1% of the population, is the source of income. While the vast majority of people and households derive their income from wages or salaries, those in the upper class derive their income from investments and capital gains.[4][6] Estimates for the size of this group commonly vary from 1% to 2%,[3] while some surveys have indicated that as many as 6% of Americans identify as "upper class." Sociologist Leonard Beeghley sees wealth as the only significant distinguishing feature of this class and, therefore, refers to this group simply as "the rich."[1]

"The members of the tiny capitalist class at the top of the hierarchy have an influence on economy and society far beyond their numbers. They make investment decisions that open or close employment opportunities for millions of others. They contribute money to political parties, and they often own media enterprises that allow them influence over the thinking of other classes... The capitalist class strives to perpetuate itself: Assets, lifestyles, values and social networks... are all passed from one generation to the next." -Dennis Gilbert, The American Class Structure, 1998[3]

Sociologists such as W. Lloyd Warner, William Thompson and Joseph Hickey recognize prestige differences between members of the upper class. Established families, prominent professionals and politicians may be deemed to have more prestige than some entertainment celebrities who in turn may have more prestige than the members of local elites.[4] Yet, contemporary sociologists argue that all members of the upper class share such great wealth, influence and assets as their main source of income as to be recognized as members of the same social class.[3] As great financial fortune is the main distinguishing feature of this class, sociologist Leonard Beeghley at the University of Florida identifies all "rich" households, those with incomes in the top 1% or so, as upper class.[1]

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    here you go. Got from other - 经纬 04/03/15 (55)
      祖国的人口是四倍,竞争比美国激烈四倍 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (43)
        楼下那谁说了, 有钱不等于进入上层社会  /无内容 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (33)
          桦树说的对 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (36)
            大家还是都希望想经济进步的。  /无内容 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (22)
        进入“上层”,很重要吗?  /无内容 - 6degree 04/03/15 (35)
          多数人还是希望改进经济地位的 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (28)
      integrity这个词,你能不能对你自己多说几遍? - Cocoa 04/03/15 (69)
        你这种晚上在这安慰别的男网友的女汉子就别装清纯了.  /无内容 - 经纬 04/03/15 (41)
          你未来亲家facebook有罚,转发给人家开开眼哈哈  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (24)
          哇,又来了,你真是脏死了。恶心死了。  /无内容 - 桦树 04/03/15 (27)
            here you go. Let's talk facts - 经纬 04/03/15 (44)
          茶馆真没有人比你下流!  /无内容 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (35)
            别理她了,她开始装疯卖傻了。  /无内容 - 桦树 04/03/15 (23)
            You did it. haha   /无内容 - 经纬 04/03/15 (41)
              你是不被几句骂就不舒服 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (33)
              估计这里有人在真实生活中也认识你吧?你能如此 - 桦树 04/03/15 (66)
                fact, fact, fact.............. - 经纬 04/03/15 (44)
                  I have a lot of good friends - 经纬 04/03/15 (44)
                    那你下回见了他们不尴尬吗,让人知道你是这么个出口成脏的家伙  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (39)
        你对美国最高层人士的未来亲家客气点。哈哈  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (29)
        He is the dean of the departme - 经纬 04/03/15 (49)
          你这德行,不怕给你亲家丢脸吗? - Cocoa 04/03/15 (46)
            要不要把她网上骂人的下流话给她的亲家发过去见识一下?  /无内容 - 桦树 04/03/15 (22)
              还有各式的撒谎,披着马甲骂人的话 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (29)
            “未来”二字不可漏。哈哈  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (31)
              或者是梦中的?哈哈哈  /无内容 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (27)
                哦亲家!梦中的亲家!你的腰身。。。哈哈  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (26)
                  啦啦啦。。。。  /无内容 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (35)
          也就是个教书的啊。真的没你这么吹的  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (25)
            that is because you don't know - 经纬 04/03/15 (49)
              我们这儿知识分子家庭出身的多了。所以没人鸟这个。  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (31)
                Had your any family members - 经纬 04/03/15 (43)
                  当然有。上一代好几个,这一辈也有。你个没见识的。  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (24)
                    你自己就一打工的,还成天做梦高攀社会最高层哈哈  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (23)
                      show me. you are a shit. haha  /无内容 - 经纬 04/03/15 (23)
                        另外,免费教你小学英语语法abc: a pc of shit  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (30)
                          不要一开口就像个文盲不识字的黑人,给你未来亲家丢人  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (25)
                        you are what you talk, haha!  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (23)
                当然我们知道,当兵的人家很喜欢攀个教授医生啥的  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (22)
                  My dad also graduated from the - 经纬 04/03/15 (58)
                    这儿有几个人父母不是呢,我祖父母就是了。你个没见识的哈哈  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (32)
              大家都笑不动了呢。  /无内容 - oops 04/03/15 (29)
        顶多middle class而已,连upper middle - oops 04/03/15 (41)
      你怎么这么令人讨厌啊?!  /无内容 - 桦树 04/03/15 (36)
        桦树,别上她的当 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (64)
          因为你老公不理你所以你上网安慰别的男网友.haha  /无内容 - 经纬 04/03/15 (24)
            你的确是病的不轻,有妄想症!  /无内容 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (27)
              That is common sense. haha  /无内容 - 经纬 04/03/15 (29)
                精神病人的common sense?  /无内容 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (18)
          你们俩也是,话不投机半句多,费这劲呢?这么认真?呵呵。 - 6degree 04/03/15 (36)
            她实在是太讨厌了,谁会去理她?  /无内容 - 桦树 04/03/15 (19)
            先努力解决片片问题。  /无内容 - 6degree 04/03/15 (25)
          百分之百的病态。  /无内容 - 桦树 04/03/15 (27)
            别和病人吵架~~ - Cocoa 04/03/15 (31)
        因为揭了你的丑陋?有本事你别干这些缺德事。呵呵  /无内容 - 经纬 04/03/15 (40)
            Shame on you. Please learn - 经纬 04/03/15 (54)
              你也能懂“shame”这个词的意思? - 桦树 04/03/15 (71)
                here you go. Let's talk facts - 经纬 04/03/15 (59)
                  又来了,我已经回答过千万次了吧? - 桦树 04/03/15 (62)
    这一段不错 - awatcher 04/03/15 (60)
    非常同意这段话。  /无内容 - 冬冬 04/03/15 (47)
    估计都是cornell 毕业的,上不了台面 - mingcheng99 04/03/15 (51)
    您的定义更严格些 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (67)
      对,单纯有钱花,那不叫进入上层社会.  /无内容 - 山西一号 04/03/15 (42)
        美国佬用财富定义,比较狭窄 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (49)
        一号就是一号, 很对。有个中餐馆老板 - deliver 04/03/15 (78)
          输钱大方,是土豪而已.  /无内容 - 山西一号 04/03/15 (23)
            他这样不能算 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (51)
              那索罗丝算上层, 治病救人的医生不算? - deliver 04/03/15 (40)
                我觉得就工作性质而言, 餐馆老板比索罗 - deliver 04/03/15 (37)
                  每个行业都有他的一套说法,包括娼妓 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (51)
                    也有道理, 人本来就是动物的一种 - deliver 04/03/15 (46)
                      例如一族狮子中, 有交配权的那只应算上层  /无内容 - deliver 04/03/15 (33)
                上层还不是上流。上层只说明他有多趁钱 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (38)
  your next job id - mingcheng99 04/03/15 (63)
    拥有8百万以上财富的华人都属于美国上层 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (63)
      那万维首富老全肯定是美国上层了。  /无内容 - 冬冬 04/03/15 (44)
        对了,还有墩子。  /无内容 - 冬冬 04/03/15 (36)
          胖墩读的UM,小墩读的CAL,所以不敢过来发言。 这里只认大 - mingcheng99 04/03/15 (38)
          咱们换个名,叫成功人士吧。这样其他人心里好受些   /无内容 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (37)
            咸鸭蛋的蛋白你怎么吃? 我喜欢蛋黄,每次都想把蛋白扔掉,不仍 - 冬冬 04/03/15 (39)
              我把它当盐用。熬稀饭放点提味。   /无内容 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (25)
    I'd = is  /无内容 - mingcheng99 04/03/15 (20)
  等我有时间了再拍阿里教授  /无内容 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (46)
    阿网友承认钱。但觉得其他标准太模糊  /无内容 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (34)
    你贴个美人照,这里群众群殴阿里教授没商量。  /无内容 - 6degree 04/03/15 (44)
      正义在我这边,不用相片助威  /无内容 - Cocoa 04/03/15 (39)
        那叫真臂一辉。  /无内容 - 6degree 04/03/15 (30)
  So I am right. people here - mingcheng99 04/03/15 (74)
    美国是大资本家大富豪的天下,中国有所不同 - suibian2009 04/03/15 (53)
  贪官手里都钻着几亿,全逃来美国做贵族。  /无内容 - 胡鲁 04/03/15 (36)
    不喜欢美式football,木法做贵族吧?  /无内容 - 6degree 04/03/15 (48)
      随老板喜欢吊黑鱼,和副总统一个爱好。  /无内容 - 胡鲁 04/03/15 (30)
  海皇木有戏了,据说连医疗保险都木有,呵呵。  /无内容 - 6degree 04/03/15 (35)
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